EU oil ban, price cap estimated to cost Russia €160 million per day, study shows
The European Union's ban on crude oil imports from Russia and oil price cap are estimated to cost Russia €160 million ($171.7 million) a day, according to findings from the Centre for Research on Energy and Clean Air (CREA) on Wednesday, News.Az reports citing Anadolu Agency.
The EU banned imports of seaborne crude oil from Russia and insurance and financing of the transport of Russian oil to third countries, particularly through maritime routes. The EU's prohibition came into effect on Dec. 5, 2022. The EU and G-7 group of industrialized nations agreed on a price cap for Russian oil at $60 per barrel that came into effect the same day.
CREA found that Russia's crude oil revenues saw a 32% drop in December due to the crude oil import ban and price cap. After Germany halted imports of Russian oil via the Druzhba pipeline by the end of last month, it caused a further reduction of 5%.
The Druzhba pipeline, also known as the Friendship Pipeline, is the main line carrying oil from eastern European Russia to Ukraine, Belarus, Poland, Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Austria and Germany.
A total of 2.5 million barrels of crude oil and 700,000 barrels of petroleum products were transported via the pipeline in October for EU countries.
Despite the drop in revenues, Russia is still earning €640 million per day from fossil fuel exports. This amount is set to fall to about €520 million as the EU ban on refined oil imports and the extension of the price cap to refined oil products come into effect by Feb. 5.
CREA’s findings show that Russia has so far made €3.1 billion from shipping crude oil in vessels under the current price cap and €2 billion of this amount was the tax income going straight to the Russian government.
As the price cap of $60 per barrel is far above Russia's costs of production, lowering it to $25-$35 per barrel would slash Russia's oil export revenue by at least €100 million per day, according to CREA.